West Whitlawburn Housing Co-operative (hereinafter WWHC) is committed to ensuring the secure and safe management of data held by WWHC in relation to customers, staff and other individuals. WWHC’s staff members have a responsibility to ensure compliance with the terms of this policy, and to manage individual’s data in accordance with the procedures outlined in this policy and documentation referred to herein.
WWHC needs to gather and use certain information about individuals. These can include customers (tenants), employees and other individuals that WWHC has a relationship with. WWHC manages a significant amount of data, from a variety of sources. This data contains Personal Data and Sensitive Personal Data (known as Special Categories of Personal Data under the GDPR).
This Policy sets out WWHC’s duties in processing that data, and the purpose of this Policy is to set out the procedures for the management of such data.
Appendix 1 details the Co-operative’s related policies.
It is a legal requirement that WWHC processes data correctly; WWHC must collect, handle and store personal information in accordance with the relevant legislation.
The relevant legislation in relation to the processing of data is:
(a) the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (“the GDPR”);
(b) the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 (as may be amended by the proposed Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications); and
(c) any legislation that, in respect of the United Kingdom, replaces, or enacts into United Kingdom domestic law, the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679, the proposed Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications or any other law relating to data protection, the processing of personal data and privacy as a consequence of the United Kingdom leaving the European Union.
3.1 WWHC holds a variety of data relating to individuals, including customers and employees (also referred to as data subjects) which is known as personal data. The personal data held and processed by WWHC is detailed within the Fair Processing Notices at Appendix 2 of this policy and the Data Protection Addendum of the Terms of and Conditions of Employment at Appendix 6 which has been provided to all employees.
3.1.1 “Personal Data” is that from which a living individual can be identified either by that data alone, or in conjunction with other data held by WWHC.
3.1.2 WWHC also holds personal data that is sensitive in nature (i.e. relates to or reveals a data subject’s racial or ethnic origin, religious beliefs, political opinions, relates to health or sexual orientation). This is “Special Category Personal Data” or “Sensitive Personal Data”.
4. Processing of Personal Data
4.1 WWHC is permitted to process personal data on behalf of data subjects provided it is doing so on one of the following grounds:
- Processing with the consent of the data subject (see clause 4.4 hereof);
- Processing is necessary for the performance of a contract between WWHC and the data subject or for entering into a contract with the data subject;
- Processing is necessary for WWHC’s compliance with a legal obligation;
- Processing is necessary to protect the vital interests of the data subject or another person;
- Processing is necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of the WWHC’s official authority; or
- Processing is necessary for the purposes of legitimate interests.
4.2 Fair Processing Notice
4.2.1 WWHC has produced a Fair Processing Notice (FPN) which it is required to provide to all customers whose personal data is held by WWHC. That FPN must be provided to the customer from the outset of processing their personal data and they should be advised of the terms of the FPN when it is provided to them.
4.2.2 The Fair Processing Notices at Appendix 2 sets out the personal data processed by WWHC and the basis for that processing. This document (FPN) is provided to all of WWHC’s customers at the outset of processing their data.
4.3.1 Employee personal data and, where applicable, Special Category Personal Data or Sensitive Personal Data, is held and processed by WWHC. Details of the data held and processing of that data is contained within the Employee Fair Processing Notice which is provided to Employees at the same time as their Contract of Employment.
4.3.2 A copy of any employee’s personal data held by WWHC is available upon written request by that employee from WWHC’s Director.
Consent as a ground of processing will require to be used from time to time by WWHC when processing Personal Data. It should be used by WWHC where no other alternative ground for processing is available. In the event that WWHC requires to obtain consent to process a data subject’s personal data, it shall obtain that consent in writing. The consent provided by the data subject must be freely given and the data subject will be required to sign a relevant consent form if willing to consent. Any consent to be obtained by WWHC must be for a specific and defined purpose (i.e. general consent cannot be sought).
4.5 Processing of Special Category Personal Data or Sensitive Personal Data
In the event that WWHC processes Special Category Personal Data or Sensitive Personal Data, WWHC must do so in accordance with one of the grounds of processing. The following is a non-exhaustive list of such grounds:
- The data subject has given explicit consent to the processing of this data for a specified purpose;
- Processing is necessary for carrying out obligations or exercising rights related to employment or social security;
- Processing is necessary to protect the vital interest of the data subject or, if the data subject is incapable of giving consent, the vital interests of another person;
- Processing is necessary for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims, or whenever court are acting in their judicial capacity; and
- Processing is necessary for reasons of substantial public interest.
5. Data Sharing
5.1 WWHC shares its data with various third parties for numerous reasons in order that its day to day activities are carried out in accordance with the WWHC’s relevant policies and procedures. In order that WWHC can monitor compliance by these third parties with Data Protection laws, WWHC will require the third party organisations to enter in to an Agreement with WWHC governing the processing of data, security measures to be implemented and responsibility for breaches.
5.2 Data Sharing
5.2.1 Personal data is from time to time shared amongst WWHC and third parties who require to process personal data that WWHC process as well. Both WWHC and the third party will be processing that data in their individual capacities as data controllers.
5.2.2 Where WWHC shares in the processing of personal data with a third party organisation (e.g. for processing of the employees’ pension), it shall require the third party organisation to enter in to a Data Sharing Agreement with WWHC in accordance with the terms of the model Data Sharing Agreement set out in Appendix 3 to this Policy.
5.3 Data Processors
A data processor is a third party entity that processes personal data on WWHC’s work is outsourced (e.g. payroll, maintenance and repair works).
5.3.1 A data processor must comply with Data Protection laws. WWHC’s data processors must ensure they have appropriate technical security measures in place, maintain records of processing activities and notify WWHC if a data breach is suffered.
5.3.2 If a data processor wishes to sub-contact their processing, prior written consent of WWHC must be obtained. Upon a sub-contracting of processing, the data processor will be liable in full for the data protection breaches of their sub-contractors.
5.3.3 Where WWHC contracts with a third party to process personal data held WWHC, it shall require the third party to enter in to a Data Protection Addendum with WWHC in accordance with the terms of the model Data Protection Addendum set out in Appendix 4 to this Policy.
6. Data Storage and Security
All personal data held by WWHC must be stored securely, whether electronically or in paper format.
6.1 Paper Storage
If personal data is stored on paper it should be kept in a secure place where unauthorised personnel cannot access it. Employees should make sure that no personal data is left where unauthorised personnel can access it. When the personal data is no longer required it must be disposed of by the employee so as to ensure its destruction. If the personal data requires to be retained on a physical file then the employee should ensure that it is affixed to the file which is then stored in accordance with WWHC’s storage provisions.
6.2 Electronic Storage
Personal data stored electronically must also be protected from unauthorised use and access. Personal data should be password protected when being sent internally or externally to WWHC’s data processors or those with whom WWHC has entered in to a Data Sharing Agreement. If personal data is stored on removable media (CD, DVD, USB memory stick) then that removable media must be stored securely at all times when not being used. Personal data should not be saved directly to mobile devices and should be stored on designated drivers and servers.
7.1 A data breach can occur at any point when handling personal data and WWHC has reporting duties in the event of a data breach or potential breach occurring. Breaches which pose a risk to the rights and freedoms of the data subjects who are subject of the breach require to be reported externally in accordance with Clause 7.3 hereof.
7.2 Internal Reporting
WWHC takes the security of data very seriously and in the unlikely event of a breach will take the following steps:
• As soon as the breach or potential breach has occurred, and in any event no later than six (6) hours after it has occurred, the DPO must be notified in writing of (i) the breach; (ii) how it occurred; and (iii) what the likely impact of that breach is on any data subject(s);
• WWHC must seek to contain the breach by whatever means available;
• The Director must consider whether the breach is one which requires to be reported to the Information Commissioners Office (ICO) and data subjects affected and do so in accordance with this clause 7;
• Notify third parties in accordance with the terms of any applicable Data Sharing Agreements
7.3 Reporting to the ICO
The Director will require to report any breaches which pose a risk to the rights and freedoms of the data subjects who are subject of the breach to the Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”) within 72 hours of the breach occurring. The Director must also consider whether it is appropriate to notify those data subjects affected by the breach.
8. Data Protection Officer (“DPO”)
8.1. A Data Protection Officer (DPO) is an individual who has an over-arching responsibility and oversight over compliance by WWHC with Data Protection laws. WWHC requires to appoint a Data Protection Officer whose details are noted on WWHC’s website and contained within the Fair Processing Notice at Appendix 3 hereto.
8.2 The DPO will be responsible for:
8.2.1 monitoring WWHC’s compliance with Data Protection laws and this Policy;
8.2.2 co-operating with and serving as WWHC’s contact for discussions with the ICO
8.2.3 reporting breaches or suspected breaches to the ICO and data subjects in accordance with Part 7 hereof.
9. Data Subject Rights
9.1 Certain rights are provided to data subjects under the GDPR. Data Subjects are entitled to view the personal data held about them by WWHC, whether in written or electronic form.
9.2 Data subjects have a right to request a restriction of processing their data, a right to be forgotten and a right to object to WWHC’s processing of their data. These rights are notified to WWHC’s tenants and other customers in the Fair Processing Notice.
9.3 Subject Access Requests
Data Subjects are permitted to view their data held by WWHC upon making a request to do so (a Subject Access Request). Upon receipt of a request by a data subject, WWHC must respond to the Subject Access Request within one month of the date of receipt of the request. WWHC:
9.3.1 must provide the data subject with an electronic or hard copy of the personal data requested, unless any exemption to the provision of that data applies in law.
9.3.2 where the personal data comprises data relating to other data subjects, must take reasonable steps to obtain consent from those data subjects to the disclosure of that personal data to the data subject who has made the Subject Access Request, or
9.3.3 where WWHC does not hold the personal data sought by the data subject, must confirm that it does not hold any personal data sought to the data subject as soon as practicably possible, and in any event, not later than one month from the date on which the request was made.
9.4 The Right to be Forgotten
9.4.1 A data subject can exercise their right to be forgotten by submitting a request in writing to WWHC seeking that WWHC erase the data subject’s personal data in its entirety.
9.4.2 Each request received by WWHC will require to be considered on its own merits and legal advice will require to be obtained in relation to such requests from time to time. The Director will have responsibility for accepting or refusing the data subject’s request in accordance with clause 9.4 and will respond in writing to the request.
9.5 The Right to Restrict or Object to Processing
9.5.1 A data subject may request that WWHC restrict its processing of the data subject’s personal data, or object to the processing of that data.
9.5.2 In the event that any direct marketing is undertaken from time to
time by WWHC, a data subject has an absolute right to object to processing of this nature by WWHC, and if WWHC receives a written request to cease processing for this purpose, then it must do so immediately.
9.5.3 Each request received by WWHC will require to be considered on its own merits and legal advice will require to be obtained in relation to such requests from time to time. The Director will have responsibility for accepting or refusing the data subject’s request in accordance with clause 9.5 and will respond in writing to the request.
10. Privacy Impact Assessments (“PIAs”)
10.1 These are a means of assisting WWHC in identifying and reducing the risks that our operations have on personal privacy of data subjects.
10.2 WWHC shall:
10.2.1 Carry out a PIA before undertaking a project or processing activity which poses a “high risk” to an individual’s privacy. High risk can include, but is not limited to, activities using information relating to health or race, or the implementation of a new IT system for storing and accessing personal data; and
10.2.2 In carrying out a PIA, include a description of the processing activity, its purpose, an assessment of the need for the processing, a summary of the risks identified and the measures that it will take to reduce those risks, and details of any security measures that require to be taken to protect the personal data.
10.3 WWHC will require to consult the ICO in the event that a PIA identifies a high level of risk which cannot be reduced. The Director will be responsible for such reporting, and where a high level of risk is identified by those carrying out the PIA they require to notify the ICO within five (5) working days.
11. Archiving, Retention and Destruction of Data
11.1 WWHC cannot store and retain personal data indefinitely. It must ensure that personal data is only retained for the period necessary. WWHC shall ensure that all personal data is archived and destroyed in accordance with the periods specified within the table at Appendix 5 hereto.
List of Appendices
1. Related Policies
2. Fair Processing Notices
3. Model Data Sharing Agreement
4. Model Data Protection Addendum
5. Table of Duration of Retention of certain Data – retention schedules
6. Model Employment Contract clause
Appendices available on request.